National jurisdictions are competent to determine whether articles of the Alpine Convention and its protocols can directly be applicable on their territories.

 

►  Decision 2005/04/0044 of the 'Verwaltungsgerichtshof, 24 February 2006

►  Decision "Mutterer Alm – Axamer Lizum" of the 'Verwaltungsgerichtshof', 8 June 2005

Article 13§1-3 of the 'soil protection' protocol is directly applicable in Austria. It is self-executing, which means that it does not need an austrian norm to be applicable.