▪ National legislation
This prescription describes conditions a product has to respect to be be granted the authorization to bear the word "mountain" or "mountain pasture" on its label.
This prescription regulates the authorization, building and use of cable railways.
This prescriptions completes the federal law on the same subject (see above) : what the conditions to benefit from the financial support are, procedure, etc.
This law aims at facilitating long and medium-term loans to small and medium establishments in mountainous regions and rural areas in general.
This prescription describes the measures taken to improve accomodation in mountainous areas. Conditions to benefit from this prescription are described in another text (see above).
This short prescription gives the limits of income and fortune under which one can benefit from the state financial support on accomodation in mountainous areas (see below).
In Switzerland, the surface used for agricultural purposes is divided in regions and zones in the register of agricultural production ("cadastre"). Article 1 of this prescription provides that the mountainous region is divided in four zones (I to IV). Article 2 gives criteria to define these zones (weather conditions, lines of communication, etc.). Article 6§1 provides that the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG) can change the boundaries of these zones under certain conditions.
As the law on agriculture, mountainous areas are considered in this prescription as special territories that need stronger support by the State. Article 18 for example provides that among others the building, transformation and renovation of alpine facilities can be supported. See also articles 10a§1, 14§2 and 17§3.
This law on agriculture is general and very detailled. Mountainous areas are considered as a territory that has to receive a special treatment because of its particular climate and geography. For example, article 93 provides that the State can support small tradition enterprises to build new infrastructure in mountainous regions under certain conditions. See also articles 4, 32§3, 50§2, 74§1, 95§2, 107§2 and 107a.
Article 8 of this prescription provides that the State can support the building of slaughter facilities in certain mountainous areas (zones I to IV, see below).
This law regulates the whole Swiss territory, but two provisions (articles 57 and 78§2) refer directly to mountainous areas. For instance, one provides that distributors can receive financial support from the State if radio broadcasting in these areas causes them to spend more than usual.