Altai Initiative

This initiative gathers four countries of the Altai mountain range : China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia. This area has outstanding ecological, cultural and resource values that include a wealth of water and recreational resources and rich biodiversity that need protecting through an interstate regional cooperation.

The Altai Declaration - Protocol of Intentions, 7 September 2007

This declaration was adopted on the initiative of the Altai Republic (Russian Federation). The four States sharing the Altai mountain areas acknowledge their common responsibility to protect and develop this region. They decide that there must be a coordinated regional policy for protection and sustainable development. Thus, an intergovernmental Altai Mountain Areas Convention on Sustainable Development has to be adopted. This declaration is not legally bindind but is the first step toward more cooperation.

Himalayan Initiative

This region is given different names but generally includes parts of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, India and Pakistan. It is characterised by its exceptional geographical conditions (very remote areas and high-altitude environments) and very rich cultural heritage. Contrary to other regional initiatives, the Himalayan Initiative isn't as developed. For the moment, only two instruments were drafted on very specific matters. This can maybe be explained by the fact that these States haven't the same economic possibilities to invest in such partnerships as others regions.

Framework Agreement on Himalayan Initiative – Conservation and Wise Use of Himalayan Mountain Wetlands (draft), 16 May 2005


On the occasion of an Asia Regional Meeting in Beijing within the framework of the Ramsar Convention was presented this partnership agreement. Its goal is to promote dialogue and cooperation between a range of stakeholders (States, site management agencies, development agencies, private sector, NGOs, etc.) to
achieve cconservation and wise use of the high altitude wetlands in the Himalaya-Hindu Kush-Pamir-Alay region.
As for now this legal text hasn't been adopted and is still in
draft form.

Access and Benefit Sharing Framework Agreement for the Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge of the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Countries (draft), February 2010

This Agreement, also still in draft form, aims at protecting biological diversity in the Himalayan region within the framework of the CBD (see in "international - general" section) . It aims at ensuring fair access and benefit sharing (ABS) and a stable supply of biological resources. It should among other things allow member States to gather and share information on biological diversity.

Andean Initiative

This common initiative aims at consolidating institutional capacities in order to promote the development of sustainable activities in the Andean moutain range. It allows Andean States (Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela), supported by their National Committees, to coordonate their action. Are also included in this Initiative representatives of the civil society and international organisations.

Declaration of San Miguel de Tucumán, 7 September 2007

This declaration was adopted at the end of the 1st subregional meeting of the Andean Initiative during which States presented actions plans and exchanged experience in the field of sustainable development. This document contains concrete priorities and common actions for the future. External financing will be provided by donors as international organisations (for example the FAO). This declaration is seen as the central document of the Andean Initiative.

Caucasus Initiative

The States of the Caucasus region are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia and Turkey. The goal of this initiative is to consider Caucasus as a global region that needs special protection of its unique biodiversity and cultural heritage. Together, States can consider their various problems and implement common sustainable solutions.

Resolution of the 1st Meeting on Development of a Legal Instrument for the Protection of the Caucasian Mountain Ecosystems, Yerevan, 27 June 2001

On the initiative of Armenia, this meetind led to a resolution recognizing that a legal instrument ("Caucasus Convention") has to be adopted by the States to support the Caucasus Initiative.

Outcomes of the Workshop on Sharing the Experience: Capacity Building on Legal Instrument for the Protection and Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions in the Caucasus, 15 December 2005

This workshop took place at the initiative of Italy and UNEP. Armenia was unable to attend because of technical reasons. States express their political will to cooperate further and in particular to adopt a legal regional instrument (as first discussed in Yerevan). However, the document doesn't mention any date or concrete details on the drafting of this legal text.

Vaduz Ministerial Statement, 16 November 2007

This document is the outcome of a conference hold in Vaduz at Liechtenstein and UNEP's invitation to discuss a regional cooperation in the Caucasus region. It invites parties to develop further their partnership on environmental protection and sustainable development. As the previous documents, it is still a political declaration that doesn't contain concrete measures.